Synonyms and Definitions

Aquatics terminology can be confusing and misleading. There are often multiple phrases used that mean roughly the same thing. The following provides some definitions of words or phrases that have been used in the web site that may not be familiar to the viewer. In addition, this page provides a description of some of the more common synonyms and categories of words for your assistance.



Alopecia Alopecia areata (AA) is a non-scarring, inflammatory, hair loss disease that can affect men, women and children. The factors that activate the onset of alopecia areata and the mechanisms of its development are not fully understood. Circumstantial evidence suggests alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease where cells of an individual’s own immune system prevent hair follicles from producing hair fiber. Although alopecia areata is not life threatening, the pressures of an image orientated society can make hair loss psychologically devastating for those affected, their families, and friends
Aerobics Any type of body movement in which you use the same large muscle group, rhythmically, for a period of 15 to 20 minutes or longer while maintaining 60-80% of your maximum heart rate. Aerobic activities include: walking, biking, jogging, swimming, aerobic classes and cross-country skiing. Aerobic exercise conditions the heart and lungs by increasing the oxygen available to the body and by enabling the heart to use oxygen more efficiently.
Arthritis There are more than 100 different types of arthritis and the cause of most types is unknown. Arthritis causes pain, stiffness and sometimes swelling in or around joints. This can impede the movements required on a daily basis. Scientists are currently studying what roles three major factors play in certain types of arthritis. These include the genetic factors you inherit from your parents, what happens to you during your life and how you live. The importance of these factors varies for every type of arthritis.
The Arthritis Foundation web site
Body Heat Normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees F. Our brains direct our bodies’ systems to try to maintain body temperature equilibrium at that level. We sweat, shiver and shake as our bodies attempt to maintain a 98.6 degree temperature. We preserve heat with warm clothing. Light clothing helps excess heat escape. It is estimated that we lose body heat 25 time faster in water than air. Special clothing and gear such as a wet suit is designed to slow heat loss when in the water.
Chlorine resistance Many swimming pools employ chlorine (or similar alternative) to control bacteria for its swimmers. Chlorine is a strong chemical mix that over time can wear down the fabric of clothing. A garment that is labeled “Chlorine resistant” is a garment that is made or coated in such a way that it resists the wear to its fabric that chlorine can cause. This is a desirable quality in swim wear in order to get longer use out of the garment.
Deep water workout Deep water workouts are designed to completely avoid impact stress on lower body joints by exercising in such a way that contact with the bottom of the pool is avoided. A variety of floatation vests and belts can be worn to assist with buoyancy while performing a variety of movements while suspended in deep water .
Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia syndrome is a rheumatic disorder with chronic muscle pain that seems to have no physical cause. This pain is usually described as burning, throbbing, shooting and stabbing. People with fibromyalgia have other symptoms such as: bad headaches, insomnia, depression, anxiety, dry skin, dry mouth, dizziness, memory impairment, PMS, palpitations. The pain and stiffness occurring with fibromyalgia normally is worse in the morning. Women are affected by fibromyalgia syndrome more then men. The disorder can go away then come back. Fibromyalgia is believed to be mainly an immune system disorder. It appears also related to CFS chronic fatigue syndrome.
Heat Retention Heat retention refers to the process of maintaining the body’s temperature at its natural level of 98.6 degrees F. Heat retention is often challenged by being in cool water. Water wear products are available from the D.K. Douglas Company and others that are meant to improve the retention of heat in these instances. (See also the definition of Body Heat)
Hydrotherapy Hydrotherapy is therapy that occurs in the water. A number of web sites are available that discuss the medical value of hydrotherapy. One of those is:
Latex Natural rubber latex (NRL) has been used commercially for more than 100 years. Latex is derived from the milky sap of the Hevea brasiliensis tree, found originally in tropical climates of South America and now grown in Southeast Asia. Malaysia is currently the primary source of most of the worlds’ raw latex. Latex is everywhere. Thousands of consumer and healthcare products contain natural rubber latex. Latex gloves were first introduced for surgery in 1890. Latex due to its extreme usefulness and cost effectiveness has infiltrated into virtually every aspect of the health care arena. On the down side, allergic reactions to latex usage is not uncommon.. For more information, go to:
Low impact Low impact is a phrase describing exercise or activities that involve minimal striking of a body part (usually the feet) against a hard surface. Dry land running is a high impact activity since the feet hit the pavement with force, whereas, swimming and water aerobics are low (or no) impact since very little striking of a body part against a hard surface occurs. Low impact activities are beneficial for frail seniors, for disabled or for injured people whose bodies cannot withstand high impact exercise and are beneficial as well as for anyone who wants to minimize regular jarring of body parts.
Lycra LYCRA® is not a fabric and should not be confused with latex. LYCRA® is a fiber originated by Du Pont and used by them since the late 1950’s. It is present in many different kinds of fabrics. LYCRA® is used in combination with all apparel fibers and fiber blends to produce fabrics and garments with stretch and recovery. LYCRA® can be blended with all fibers–natural and man-made. Fabrics with LYCRA® always have the appearance and feel of their major fiber components, such as silk, cotton or nylon. Over its 40 year life, it has shown no problems of skin irritation or sensitization.
For use in the aquatic industry, LYCRA® is blended with nylon. This produces a strong stretch fabric that sheds away wrinkles and contributes to excellent comfort and fit.Spandex is the generic industry term for LYCRA®.
Neoprene Neoprene is an extremely versatile synthetic rubber originally made by Du Pont, with 70 years of proven performance in a broad industry spectrum, including use in navy wet suits. The basic chemical composition of Neoprene synthetic rubber is polychloroprene. Neoprene is noted for a unique combination of properties, which has led to its use in thousands of applications in diverse environments. It has a balanced combination of properties:

  • Resists degradation from sun, ozone and weather
  • Performs well in contact with oils and many chemicals
  • Remains useful over a wide temperature range
  • Displays outstanding physical toughness
  • Resists burning inherently better than exclusively hydrocarbon rubbers
  • Outstanding resistance to damage caused by flexing and twisting

The Neoprene used today is laminated on both sides with a stretchable nylon that comes in a variety of attractive colors.

Thermal Webster: “Having to do with heat”. As we have had thermal underwear for cold weather activities for years, there are now thermal water wear garments to facilitate heat retention for water activities.
Waterpower Workout The Waterpower Workout is a specific program of water exercise created and taught by Linda Huey, a pioneer in the use of water for aerobic movement. It consists of 38 exercises that take about 45 minutes to complete. The exercises provide a solid aerobic and anaerobic workout, rounded out with exercises specifically for your abdominals, arms, shoulders, chest, back and legs. Linda co-authored the book The Complete Waterpower Workout Book with Robert Forster, P.T. in 1993.
Watsu Developed in the early 1980’s, Watsu began with the floating of individuals in a warm pool, applying stretches and moves. In the years since, Watsu has evolved into what many consider the most profound development in water body movement in our time. While other modalities are based on touch, the holding that working in water necessitates, brings the receiver to a new level of connection and trust. This, combined with the therapeutic benefits of warm water and the greater freedom of movement it encourages, creates a modality that can affect every level of our being.
A helpful Watsu website:

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Category: Aquatic Professionals
Names used to refer to a person who has professional skills specific to teaching or directing one or more water activities. In some cases, the title names the activity specifically, such as aerobics or watsu

  • Aquaerobics Instructor
  • Aquatic Professional
  • Aquatic Physical Therapist
  • Swim Instructor
  • Watsu Practitioner
  • Water Aerobics Instructor

Category: Human conditions benefiting from water exercise
These are some of the conditions that can benefit from water therapy

  • Arthritis
  • Body injury
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Overweight
  • Osteoporosis
  • Permanent impaired mobility

General Synonyms for Items of clothing for water
All these terms refer in general to clothing used for one or more water activities

  • Aqua aerobic wear
  • Aquaerobics wear
  • Aquatic fitness wear
  • Aquatic wear
  • Dive gear
  • Exercise wear
  • Life jackets
  • Senior swim wear
  • Snorkel wear
  • Swim wear
  • Thermal aquatic wear
  • Warm aquatic wear
  • Warm swim wear
  • Water exercise wear
  • Water gear
  • Water warmups
  • Water wear
  • Water Shirts
  • Wrap Shirts
  • WetWraps
  • Wet Suits
  • Wet Suit Vests

Category: Materials used in water wear
Materials used in water wear. They each have different characteristics and thus different advantages and disadvantages, depending on their intended use.

  • ESP
  • Latex
  • Lycra
  • Neoprene
  • Nylon
  • Polyester
  • Polyolethin
  • Silicone
  • Spandex

Category: Water wear characteristics
These are common characteristics of water wear. Be sure to understand your need well enough to be able to shop for the product that fulfills your need. For example, if you will be primarily in a pool, look for a product that is chlorine resistant. If you will not be in a pool this characteristic is less important.

  • Chlorine resistance
  • Color fast
  • Heat retention
  • Stretch

General synonyms for: Gloves for water
These are all names for gloves used in water activities. Some are generic names while others have been coined or trade marked by a specific company. Be aware that gloves can be very different from each other. Some are made of Lycra, some of neoprene and some of latex. Some have separated fingers wile others have webbed fingers. Most are used to obtain some degrees of resistance during water exercise. It is important to investigate the characteristics of a glove in relation to how you plan to use it so that you will where can i buy viagra without a prescription not be disappointed.

  • Aquatic exercise gloves
  • Aquatic fitness gloves
  • Resistance gloves
  • Swim gloves
  • Water exercise gloves
  • Water fitness gloves
  • Water gloves
  • Watergloves
  • Webbed gloves
  • Webbed resistance gloves
  • Webbed swim gloves
  • Webbies
  • Web gloves

Category: Companies who sell water wear products
These are several of the companies who make or import products for water use. Their products may be for warmth in the water or for other uses.

  • DK Douglas Co.
  • Hydrofit
  • H2O Wear
  • Hydrotone
  • Kiefer
  • Speedo
  • Sprint
  • Water Gear

General synonyms for: One-piece water suit
These are all names for a one-piece suit that is used for retaining warmth in the water. They are usually made of either Lycra or neoprene. They were the original product used to stay warm in the water and were used by navy divers as far back as the early part of the 20th century. Today they are made with various sleeve lengths and various leg lengths. Be aware that a product of this type must be made to fit your torso length given that it is all one piece. Because of this torso length requirement, products have emerged in recent years that are not one-piece in order to avoid this constraint. It is important to investigate the characteristics of each specific product to ensure it meets your needs.

  • Wet suit
  • Wetsuit
  • Dive skin
  • Dry suit
  • Surf suit
  • Shorty

Synonyms for: Caps for water
Water wear products for the head. Used to keep hair under control and/or to keep head warm. One use is by people with alopecia hair loss.

  • Bathing cap
  • Wet Cap
  • Wetcap
  • Swim cap

Synonyms for: Vests for water
A sleeveless water wear product for warmth. They are often worn in combination with a type of pants or tights. Vests have different characteristics. It is important to investigate each product to ensure it meets your needs.

  • Neoprene vest
  • Surfer vest
  • Swim vest
  • Vest
  • Wet Wrap
  • WetWrap
  • Wet Wrap ZIP
  • WetWrap ZIP
  • Wet suit vest

Category: Water sports or activities
Aquatic sports and activities in which people benefit from the use of products that keep them as comfortably warm as needed when in, as well as near, the water.

  • Aquaerobics
  • Boating
  • Canoeing
  • Diving
  • Jet skiing
  • Kayaking
  • Pool games
  • Sailing
  • Scuba diving
  • Snorkeling
  • Speed boating
  • Spelunking
  • Surfing
  • Swimming
  • Water skiing
  • Water sports
  • Watsu
  • Wind surfing

Terms for: Unique kinds of movement in water
These are words or phrases referring to movement in the water. The movement may be done for fitness, as a part of a game or as a healing process. When the word “therapy” is included, the phrase generally refers to some form of healing or rehabilitation from an injury or disease.

  • Aerobics in water
  • Aqua aerobics
  • Aquaerobics
  • Aqua activities
  • Aqua exercise
  • Aqua exercise therapy
  • Aqua healing
  • Aqua recreation
  • Aqua rehabilitation
  • Aqua therapy
  • Aqua Tai Chi
  • Aqua Yoga
  • Aqua fitness
  • Aqua games
  • Aquatic activities
  • Aquatic aerobics
  • Aquatic exercise
  • Aquatic exercise therapy
  • Aquatic healing
  • Aquatic recreation
  • Aquatic rehabilitation
  • Aquatic fitness
  • Aquatic games
  • Aquatic sports
  • Aquatic therapy
  • Aquatic Tai Chi
  • Aquatic Yoga
  • Deep water workout
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Swim workouts
  • Warm water workout
  • Water activities
  • Water aerobics
  • Water exercise
  • Water fitness
  • Water games
  • Waterpower workout
  • Water sports
  • Water therapy
  • Water exercise therapy
  • Water healing
  • Water recreation
  • Water rehabilitation

Category: Body of Water
A body of water in which recreational activities are often performed. All of these water venues may trigger the need for water wear for warmth

  • Lake
  • Ocean
  • Pool
  • River

General Synonyms for: Shirt for water
These are different names for shirts that can be worn in the water for warmth and/or sun protection. Some are names specific to a company and others are generic names.

  • Aquatic shirt
  • Lycra water exercise shirt
  • Water Shirt
  • WaterShirt
  • Rash Guard
  • Rash Gard
  • Surf shirt
  • Wrap Shirt
  • WrapShirt
  • Swim shirt